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Kamis, 12 Mei 2011

contoh kalimat direct dan indirect

contoh kalimat direct dan indirect
ex :
Present tense - Any tense (bentuk waktu apapun)

Direct : She says to her friend, ” I have been writing “.
Indirect : She says to her friend that he has been writing.

Direct : She has told you, ” I am reading “.
Indirect : She has told you that he is reading.

Direct : She will say, ” You have done wrongly “.
Indirect : She will tell you that you have done wrongly.

Direct : She will say,” The boy wasn’t lazy “.
Indirect : She will tell them that the boy wasn’t lazy.

a. Command :

Direct : He said to his servant, “Go away at once!”

Indirect :He ordered his servant to go away at once

b. Precept :

Direct : She said to her son, “Study hard!”

Indirect : He advised her son to study hard

c. Request :

Direct : He said to his friend, “Please lend me your pen!”

Indirect : He asked his friend to be kind enough to lend him his pencil

d. Entreaty :

Direct : He said to his master, “Pardon me, sir”

Indirect: He begged his master to pardon him.

e. Prohibition :

Direct : She said to her daughter, “Don’t go there”

Indirect : She forbade her daughter to go there

Kalau reporting verb say atau tell diubah menjadi reported verb ask, order, command dsb (tapi jika bukan forbid), predikatnya diubah ke dalam infinitive with to yang didahului oleh not atau no + infinitive with to.

Direct : She said to her daughter, “Don’t go there”

Indirect : She asked herdaughter not to go there.




a. Exclamatory sentences

Direct : He said, “Hurrah! My old friend has come”

Indirect : He exclaimed with joy that his old friend had come.

b. Optative sentences (kalimat yang menyatakan harapan, pujian, dsb)

Direct : He said, “God bless you, my dear son “

Indirect : He prayed that God would bless his dear son

2 komentar:

  1. like halaman band mb yo:
    www.reverbnation.com/majesterr#

    thanks for the lesson., :)
    very helpful..

    BalasHapus